Carbohydrates are one of the main three macronutrients, and their main role is to provide us with energy. Carbohydrates provide 4 calories of energy per gram.
In the last couple years, carbs have been demonised by advocates of certain diets. But in reality, carbohydrates are necessary to our bodies’ optimal health.
Two main types: Simple and Complex
There are two main types of carbohydrates, simple and complex.
Simple carbohydrates are digested quickly and cause a rapid rise in blood sugar – this is good if you’re about to do hard exercise, but not quite so good if you’re sitting at the office or watching TV.
Complex carbohydrates take longer to break down in the body and cause a slower increase in blood sugar. Complex carbohydrates are almost always a better choice than simple carbohydrates.
DNAFit Tip – Eating too many carbohydrates can cause obesity and type-2 diabetes. Whenever possible, choose complex carbohydrates, especially those that are high in fiber, such as sweet potatoes.
The third carbohydrate – Fiber
A third type of carbohydrate is called fiber, which plays a role in gut function, cholesterol control, and also helps make us feel fuller for longer.
How many carbs does your body need?
That depends on a lot of different factors, including your genetics.
Courtesy: DNA FIT